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Donna Oja Smith's English Class at Trenton High School

Persuasive Speech Project for Unit 3

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 Pick a topic that not everyone would agree with on which to give a persuasive speech.  The goal of this speech is to change someone's mind or way of thinking about a topic.  (school uniforms, cell phone policy in school,  joining a gang, saying the Pledge of Allegiance in school, prayer in school, etc.) - THE TOPIC IS UP TO YOU, BUT IT MUST BE APPROVED BY ME BEFORE YOU BEGIN PREWRITING!

o       Must use formal language (the most appropriate language for a speech)

o       If possible, have a visual aid (must be large enough for everyone to see) - Your grade will not be lowered if you do not have a visual aid, but it may be raised!

o       Use at least two persuasive techniques (bandwagon, rhetorical questions, opinions stated as facts,  repetition, card stacking, emotional appeal, etc.)

o       SPEECH REQUIREMENTS:  content (introduction, body, conclusion) and presentation skills (formal language – no slang or "like," or "ahhs," prepared, good eye contact, voice is clear and loud and varied, posture and gestures are good)

o     A copy of the "Art of Persuasion" handout you received yesterday is below:

The Art of Persuasion

(handout received in class)

 

Persuasive writingExpresses a writer’s opinion on a topic and THEN tries to make the reader agree with it

 

Types of persuasive writingletter to the editor, essay, speech, or review

 

Persuasive writing consists of – 1. Topic  2.  Main idea about the topic (the opinion you want your audience to adopt)  3.  Supporting details (persuade your audience to accept your point of view)

 

How do I persuade my audience?  [Appeal to reason using facts, statistics, and expert opinions AND/OR appeal to emotions using loaded language: “He is an innovative thinker!”  “Her ideas are outlandish!”]

   Present a logical argument – Support your viewpoint

   Identify your purpose – What do you want to achieve?

   State your point of view – This will be your main idea

   Present and explain support evidence – Explain, explain, explain (with examples)

   Address the opposing point of view – Explain why YOUR way is the better way

   Reaffirm your point of view – Conclude by restating your point of view

   Call to action – Tell reader what they need to do in the concluding paragraph (“Mrs. Ramirez, I urge you do what is in the best interest of the students at Trenton High.”

 

Critical components of persuasive essays/speeches:

   Introduction – Begin with an interesting lead and a thesis statement that summarizes the main argument of your opinion

   Body – Include a paragraph for each argument supported by facts, examples, and anecdotes.  Carefully order body paragraphs with the weakest point in the middle and the strongest at the end

   Conclusion – Include a closing paragraph that restates the main arguments and has a call to action by the readers/listeners

 

  

Prewriting for Persuasive Essay/Speech

 

Who is your audience?

 

Introduction:

 

 

 

Body One Topic Sentence:

 

    Supporting Detail

 

 

   Supporting Detail

 

 

   Supporting Detail

 

 

 

Body Two Topic Sentence:

 

    Supporting Detail

 

 

   Supporting Detail

 

 

   Supporting Detail

 

 

Body Three Topic Sentence:

 

    Supporting Detail

   Supporting Detail

   Supporting Detail

 

 

 

Conclusion (restate arguments + call to action):

 

 

 

"He who learns but does not think is lost! 
He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger!" 
Confucius 551-479 B.C. (Chinese philosopher)

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"YOU make choices, but  CHOICES make you." (DOS)
 
“Men are not prisoners of fate, but prisoners of their own minds.” (FDR)

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DID YOU KNOW THAT NO PIECE OF PAPER CAN BE FOLDED IN HALF MORE THAN SEVEN TIMES?  TRY IT.  THEN GET BACK TO WORK.

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