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Donna Oja Smith's English Class at Trenton High School

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Once a word appears on the word wall here and in class, you are forever responsible for knowing its meaning and how to use it!
 

 
Unit 1 Words: (in the order learned in class)
 

         IDIOM - expression whose meaning cannot be deduced from the combined meanings of its actual words.   It’s raining cats and dogs.  My uncle kicked the bucket last year.  I smell a rat.  You don’t have a leg to stand on.  Let’s play it by ear.  Don’t let the cat out of the bag.  Take the bull by the horns.]

         CHRONOLOGICAL -  presented or arranged in the order in which events occur or occurred (prefix meaning time)

         STANZA – a number of lines of verse forming a separate unit within a poem. In many poems, each stanza has the same number of lines and the same rhythm and rhyme scheme.

         RHYME SCHEME – the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem

         NARRATOR – person telling the story

        DECLARATIVE SENTENCE – makes statement

        INTERROGATIVE – asks question

        IMPERATIVE – gives command

        EXCLAMATORY – shows strong  emotion

         SYNONYM – words that have similar meanings

         ANALOGY – a comparison/similarity

         PLAGIARISM – stealing another person’s idea or written work and claiming as original

         PARAPHRASE – to rephrase using other words (same length)

         SUMMARIZE – to give a shorter version that gives the main points

         MONOLOGUE – long speech by one person

         FRAGMENT – incomplete sentence

         RUN-ON SENTENCE – two main clauses fused/smooshed together without correct punctuation

         COMMA SPLICE – two main clauses joined incorrectly with only a comma

 

 
Unit 2 Words: 
 

alliteration

beat

characterization

circumstantial evidence 

conspiracy 

conspirators  

felony murder

flashback

introspection

jargon

leading question

narrator

optimist

pan

pessimist

point of view

protagonist

realistic fiction

relevant

screenplay

slang

theme


 
Unit 3 Words:
 

aloofness (n)/aloof (adj) – uninvolved or unwilling to be involved with other people or events

 

characterization – the way a writer portrays the characters in a story or novel

 

coming-of-age novel – novel where the protagonist grows and matures after difficult experiences (loss of innocence)

 

connotation - emotions and feelings associated with a word

 

denotation - dictionary meaning of a word

 

foreshadowing - – author hints at what might happen later

 

gingerly – adv - cautiously, warily, tentatively (p 62)

 

incredulous adj – showing disbelief (p 24)

 

narrator – the character in a work of fiction who is telling the story; someone who tells a story

 

nonchalantly – adv – casually, calm and unconcerned (p 25)

 

outsider – a person who doesn’t belong to a particular group; person not accepted by society

 

premonition a feeling something (usually bad) is going to happen (p 67)

 

protagonist – main character in a story/novel

 

rat race - A way of life in which people are caught up in a fiercely competitive struggle for wealth or power.  An exhaustin, usually competitive routine.

 

self-fulfilling prophecy - a prediction that causes itself to come true.  May be false in the beginning, but it causes behavior to make itself come true!

 

stereotype – popular belief about specific social groups or types of individuals (simplified beliefs based on assumptions)

 

 

ALL LIT TERMS FOR BRIDGE TO LIT - click here for practice!

 

LITERARY TERMS FOR THE ENTIRE SEMESTER:

1ST PERSON POINT OF VIEW

3RD PERSON OMNISCIENT

ACT

ALLITERATION

ALLUSION

ANTAGONIST

CHARACTERIZATION

CLIMAX

COMING-OF-AGE NOVEL

CONFLICT

CONNOTATION

DENOTATION

DIALOGUE

DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

DRAMATIC IRONY

EPILOGUE

FLASHBACK

FORESHADOWING

HYPERBOLE

IMAGERY

INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

METAPHOR

NARRATOR

ONOMATOPOEIA

OXYMORON

PERSONIFICATION

PLOT

POINT OF VIEW

PROLOGUE

PROSE

PROTAGONIST

REALISTIC FICTION

RESOLUTION

RHYME SCHEME

SCENE

SENSORY DETAILS

SETTING

SIMILE

SITUATIONAL IRONY

STANZA

SUSPENSE

SYMBOL

THEME

TONE

VERBAL IRONY

 

1ST PE

"He who learns but does not think is lost! 
He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger!" 
Confucius 551-479 B.C. (Chinese philosopher)

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"YOU make choices, but  CHOICES make you." (DOS)
 
“Men are not prisoners of fate, but prisoners of their own minds.” (FDR)

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DID YOU KNOW THAT NO PIECE OF PAPER CAN BE FOLDED IN HALF MORE THAN SEVEN TIMES?  TRY IT.  THEN GET BACK TO WORK.

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